Saturn has an incredible abundance of moons and moonlets. It’s largest moon, Titan, is bigger than both Mercury and Pluto. Titan was the first moon identified in it’s orbit by Christiaan Huygens in 1665.
Like here on Earth, Saturn’s moons provide gravitational support. Moons known as “shepherd moons” keep Saturn’s ring in orbit due to their gravitational pull. Small gaps that you see in the rings are caused by moons and moonlets orbiting through it’s path.
Facts about Saturn’s Moons
- Titan is so massive that it effects the orbits of other near-by moons
- Iapetus has a bi-polar atmosphere, one side is covered in snow, the other side is dark and black
- Mimas has an enormour crater on one side that looks like the death star
- Phoebe and other recently discovered moons orbit the planet in the reverse direction
- Pan orbits within the main rings and regularly performs sweepings material out of their orbit, this is known as the Encke gap
- Enceladus contains active ice volcanoes
- Sixteen of Saturn’s moons are tidally locked with one face to the planet at all times
- Hyperion has an odd flattened shape and erratic orbit caused by a recent collision
Names of Saturn’s Moons
Saturn’s confirmed moons: SATURN’S MOONS Aegaeon, Aegir, Albiorix, Anthe, Atlas, Bebhionn, Bergelmir, Bestla, Calypso, Daphnis, Dione, Enceladus, Epimetheus, Erriapus, Farbauti, Fenrir, Fornjot, Greip, Hati, Helene, Hyperion, Hyrrokkin, Iapetus, Ijiraq, Janus, Jarnsaxa, Kari, Kiviuq, Loge, Methone, Mimas, Mundilfari, Narvi, Paaliaq, Pallene, Pan, Pandora, Phoebe, Polydeuces, Prometheus, Rhea, Siarnaq, Skathi, Skoll, Surtur, Suttungr, Tarqeq, Tarvos, Telesto, Tethys, Thrymr, Titan, Ymir
Saturn’s provisional moons: S/2004 S7, S/2004 S12, S/2004 S13, S/2004 S17, S/2006 S1
Distance to Saturn
Saturn’s moons orbit at near-by and wildly exotic distances from the planet. Pan is the closest moon to the planet at 130,000 kilometers (83,000 mies) while Phoebe and other smaller moons orbit as far away as 4,000,000 kilometers (2,485,000 miles).