Euclid, is a planned mission with a purpose to investigate the profound stellar mysteries of dark matter and dark energy.
Recently, Euclid passed it’s preliminary design review and it’s path has been paved for immediate construction. The mission is a European Space Agency led project with significant contributions from NASA that include infrared detectors and data analysis.
Euclid, is designed to give us a new insight into the “dark side” of our universe (dark matter and energy); extremely profound concepts that are believed to be the key building forces behind our cosmos.
We are excited for the opportunity to contribute the critical detector component for Euclid’s near-infrared instrument and look forward to working closely with ESA on this important mission.
Ulf Israelsson, NASA Euclid Project Manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Over the past few decades schools of though have emerged, and have been commonly accepted, that believe the matter we can touch, feel, and see in every day life is only a fraction of the total matter in the universe. The rest of the matter, the invisible substance that fills the blank voids in physical space, is inferred to be dark matter.
Dark energy, is thought to be even more of a mystery than dark matter. It’s believed that dark energy can explain why space is expanding, and stretching apart at constantly increasing speeds.
The Euclid mission is no easy task. It will look to map movements, and positioning of over two billion galaxies across a third of our visible sky. It’s expected to present an unprecedented amount of data on the presence of dark matter and energy, giving us an unrivaled form of understanding of our universe.
Euclid was initially proposed to the ESA in 2007 and since than the mission has been constantly refined, expect more “refinements” as the mission is scheduled for a launch in 2020. The Euclid NASA Science Center is based at the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC) at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California.